I'll give the quick response. A few searches in this forum will come up with a ton of similar threads.
9 weight or 10 weight is what you're looking for. If you're just targeting stripers, and big ones at that, a 10 weight is best. If you want to do Blues, Weakies, Stripers, and Albies, go with a 9 weight.
Buy a NEW rod with a lifetime warranty. Used rods don't come with warranties, and these things break fairly often. I'm good for one break a year with about 100 days on the water, both salt and fresh.
For a reel, you're gonna want a large arbor reel with a sealed drag if you intend on beating this thing up and don't mind spending some $$. If you're not doing any surf fishing whatsoever, the sealed drag becomes less important.
I HIHGLY recommend the Teton Tioga if you want to get into this with minimal $$$ investment. It is a machined aluminum reel with a good drag that will cost you around $100. All other machined reels will cost you at least twice as much.
Stay away from Nautilus reels at all costs, their drags fail more often then they work.
For your first line, buy a full intermediate. I recommend a shooting head system, hands down, but that may be down the road.
Just remember, when you look into buying an outfit, you're gonna spend $50 (bare minimum) to $100 on the line, leaders, tippet, and basic necessities. The line you choose is AS IMPORTANT as your rod and reel. So keep this in mind.
As for brands, I recommend staying away from TFO at all costs. Their rods are cheap, but the company is doing some real bad stuff. They are outsourcing all their work and have affiliations with private clubs that are doing some bad things to native trout in the USA.
I could go on for hours, hope this helps.